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Single process🔗


This example demonstrates how iceoryx can be used in a single process for inter-thread communication. This is for instance helpful if you would like to establish a simple communication API in a 3D engine with a multitude of threads that are interacting without starting RouDi every time separately.

Run singleprocess🔗


The first lines until RouDi is ready for clients are coming from the RouDi startup in which the shared memory management segment and user data segment are created.

Afterward, the publisher and subscriber thread are started and are beginning to transmit and receive data.

Code Walkthrough🔗

Creating a Single Process RouDi, Publisher and Subscriber🔗

  1. We start by setting the log level to error since we do not want to see all the debug messages.

    int main()
        // set the log level to error to see the essence of the example
  2. To start RouDi we have to create a configuration for him. We are choosing the default config. Additionally, RouDi needs some other components like a memory management unit which handles how the memory is created in which the transmission data is stored. The IceOryxRouDiComponents class is handling them for us

    iox::RouDiConfig_t defaultRouDiConfig = iox::RouDiConfig_t().setDefaults();
    iox::roudi::IceOryxRouDiComponents roudiComponents(defaultRouDiConfig);
  3. We are starting RouDi and provide him with the required components. Furthermore, we disable monitoring. The last bool parameter false states that RouDi does not terminate all registered processes when he goes out of scope. If we would set it to true, our application would self terminate when the destructor is called.

    iox::roudi::RouDi roudi(roudiComponents.m_rouDiMemoryManager,
                            iox::roudi::RouDi::RoudiStartupParameters{iox::roudi::MonitoringMode::OFF, false});
  4. Here comes a key difference to an inter-process application. If you would like to communicate within one process, you have to use PoshRuntimeSingleProcess. You can create only one runtime at a time!

    iox::runtime::PoshRuntimeSingleProcess runtime("singleProcessDemo");
  5. Now that everything is up and running, we can start the publisher and subscriber thread, wait two seconds and stop the example.

    std::thread publisherThread(publisher), subscriberThread(subscriber);
    // communicate for 2 seconds and then stop the example
    std::cout << "Finished" << std::endl;

Implementation of Publisher and Subscriber🔗

Since there are no differences to inter-process ports you can take a look at the icedelivery example for detailed documentation. We only provide you here with a short overview.


We create a typed publisher with the following service description (Service = Single, Instance = Process, Event = Demo)

iox::popo::PublisherOptions publisherOptions;
publisherOptions.historyCapacity = 10U;
iox::popo::Publisher<TransmissionData_t> publisher({"Single", "Process", "Demo"}, publisherOptions);

After that, we are sending numbers in ascending order with a 100ms interval in a while loop till the variable keepRunning is false.

uint64_t counter{0};
std::string greenRightArrow("\033[32m->\033[m ");
while (keepRunning.load())
{[&](auto& sample) {
        sample->counter = counter++;
        consoleOutput(std::string("Sending   " + greenRightArrow + std::to_string(sample->counter)));



Like with the publisher, we are creating a corresponding subscriber port with the same service description.

    iox::popo::SubscriberOptions options;
    options.queueCapacity = 10U;
    options.historyRequest = 5U;
    iox::popo::Subscriber<TransmissionData_t> subscriber({"Single", "Process", "Demo"}, options);

Now we can receive the data in a while loop till keepRunning is false. But we only try to acquire data if our SubscribeState is SUBSCRIBED.

std::string orangeLeftArrow("\033[33m<-\033[m ");
while (keepRunning.load())
    if (iox::SubscribeState::SUBSCRIBED == subscriber.getSubscriptionState())
        bool hasMoreSamples{true};

                .and_then([&](iox::popo::Sample<const TransmissionData_t>& sample) {
                    consoleOutput(std::string("Receiving " + orangeLeftArrow + std::to_string(sample->counter)));
                .if_empty([&] { hasMoreSamples = false; })
                .or_else([](auto) { std::cout << "Error receiving sample: " << std::endl; });
        } while (hasMoreSamples);


Check out singleprocess on GitHub